The symptoms of HIV can differ from person-to-person and some people may not get any symptoms at all. Something we stumbled upon which apparently seemed educative enough for us to share with others is to always use protection, HIV/AIDS doesn’t signal itself on someone’s face.
Without treatment, the virus will get worse over time and damage your immune system.
Below are some of the signs and symptoms of HIV infection that requires an immediate test.
One of the first symptoms of the flu-related symptoms of HIV is an unrelenting headache. The headaches may develop into chronic debilitating migraines.
Migraines become chronic after affecting a person for 15 or more days per month. 50% of people infected with HIV will experience headaches as a symptom, while 27% will experience chronic migraines.
This is compared to the general population, where only 2% of people suffer from chronic migraines
- Cold Sores
Cold sores can be a symptom of HIV. Cold sores are caused by the Herpes Simplex virus. It can occur as genital, rectal, or oral herpes.
Anyone can be infected with herpes, regardless of their HIV status. Those who are infected with HIV and have cold sores may suffer from recurrent outbreaks of the herpes virus.
A dry, persistent cough can be a long-term symptom of HIV infection. This symptom is not typically cured with medications like antibiotics and cough suppressants.
Coughing may be an early symptom as the body reacts to the new virus. It is also a long-term symptom caused by the damaged immune system. A cough may develop into pneumonia, which can be a serious symptom of dangerous effects.
- Body Pain
Sore muscles and joint pain are common symptoms of HIV infection that occur in the early flu-like phase. This can be caused by the swollen lymph nodes, or from rheumatic illnesses.
The rheumatic disease affects the muscles and joints of the body, causing inflammation. This disease can lead to arthritis, fibromyalgia, and vacuities. Some HIV medications can also cause these symptoms.
- Skin Rash
Skin rash is one of the most common symptoms of HIV. Called the “HIV rash”, this symptom can be seen in approximately 85% of cases. The rash may develop into blisters at the warm moist areas of the body, including genitals and facial regions. Most rashes develop on the trunk of the body. The appearance of the rash is red bumps that may itch and peel.
If you have practiced unprotected sex, watch out for fevers as a symptom of HIV. Early after being infected by HIV, you may experience flu-like symptoms.
This can include a low-grade fever that does not respond to medication. You may experience night sweats as a response to the fever. The fever is an inflammatory reaction to the virus entering your bloodstream.
- Yeast Infection
As HIV develops, the infected person’s immune system becomes compromised. One of the starting symptoms of a failing immune system is bodily infections.
Yeast infections are very common, and they affect more than just women. The cause of this infection is a fungus called Candida. It can affect the body in different ways, such as vaginal yeast infections, thrush, intestinal infections, and more.
Getting rid of these infections may prove futile until HIV medication is in place.
- Weight Loss
Weight loss in HIV infected individuals is common through the progression of the disease. When first infected, the flu-like symptoms can cause nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. This can cause a temporary loss of weight. As the illness progresses, weight loss can be caused by a condition called “AIDS wasting.” According to the Department of Health and Human Services (US), it categorizes a person as having AIDS wasting when they have lost 10% or more of their body weight, and have experienced related weight loss symptoms for a period greater than 30 days
- Sore Throat
A sore throat may be an early indicator of HIV infection. This may be an early symptom as the body reacts to the viral infection. It can also occur later in the disease as the infected individual’s immune system becomes compromised.
A sore throat may be caused by thrush in the mouth or esophagus and ulcers. Chronic throat problems should be checked out by your family doctor.
- Night Sweats
As the HIV infection develops in the body, flu-like symptoms can appear. One of the most annoying and notable symptoms is night sweats. The sufferer may go to bed at a good temperature, but through the night may experience widely ranging body temperatures, going from very cold to very hot quite quickly.
The physical response of the body is to pour sweat to regulate the temperature. The person may wake up soaking wet and have to change their sheets and clothing.